Child Malnutrition Program

Child Malnutrition Program

The UN estimates that 2.1 million Indian children die before reaching the age of 5 every year – four every minute - mostly from preventable illnesses such as diarrhoea, typhoid, malaria, measles and pneumonia. Every day, 1,000 Indian children die because of diarrhoea alone. Reference

Hari Om Anath Ashram has taken initiative to take government and non-government aid to run this program for the villages in india, specially in maharashtra.



Government Programmes to Address Undernutrition

The Government has accorded high priority to the issue of undernutrition and is implementing several programmes of different Ministries/Departments through State Government/UT Administration, which have the potential to improve the current nutritional situation in India.

These are as follows:

Target Group Schemes Major Services from Schemes
Pregnant and Lactating Mothers Integrated Child Development Scheme ICDS ICDS: Supplementary nutrition, counselling on diet, rest and breastfeeding, health and nutrition education.
  Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana IGMSY Conditional Maternity Benefit
  Reproductive Child Health RCH-II,
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM),
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)
NRHM: Antenatal care, counselling, iron supplementation, immunisation, transportation for institutional delivery, institutional delivery, cash benefit, postnatal care, counselling for breast feeding and spacing of children etc.
Children (0-3 years) ICDS ICDS: Supplementary nutrition, growth monitoring, counselling health education of mothers on child care, promotion of infant and young child feeding, home based counselling for early childhood stimulation, referral and follow up of undernourished and sick children.
  RCH-II, NRHM NRHM: Home-based new born care, immunisation, micronutrient supplementation, deworming, health check-up, management of childhood illness and severe under-nutrition, referral and cashless treatment for first month of life. Care of sick newborns, facility-based management of severe acute malnutrition and follow up.
  Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme Rajlv Gandhi National Creche Scheme: Support for the care of children of working mothers.
Children (3-6 years) ICDS ICDS: Non-formal preschool education, growth monitoring, supplementary nutrition, referral, health education and counselling for care givers.
  RCH-II, NRHM NRHM: Immunisation micronutrient supplementation, deworming, health check-up, management of illnesses and severe undernutrition
  Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme Rajiv Gandhi Creche Scheme: support for care of children of working mothers
  Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)/Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) TSC/NBA: Household-level sanitation facilities
  National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) NRDWP: Availability of safe drinking water
School going children (6-14 years) Mid-Day Meals (MDM), Mid-day meal: Hot cooked meal to children attending school.
  Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) SSA: Support knowledge dissemination on nutrition by inclusion of Nutrition related topics in syllabus and curriculums for formal education, school health check-up, mid-day meal.
Adolescent Girls (11-18 years) Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for the Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG), Kishori Shakti Yojana RGSEAG: Supplementary Nutrition, Iron Folic Acid supplementation, vocational training of adolescent girls.
  NRHM NRHM: Weekly iron and folic acid supplementation
  Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)/Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan(NBA) TSCINBA: Access to sanitation facilities
  National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) NRDWP: Access to safe drinking water
Adults and Communities MNREGS, Skill Development Mission, Women Welfare and Support Programme, Adult Literacy Programme, TPDS, AAY, Old and Infirm Persons Annapuma, National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) and Total Sanitation Campaign(TSC)/Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan(NBA), schemes/programmes in the agriculture sector such as the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), National Horticulture Mission(NHM), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVP), Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oilpalm, and maize (ISOPOM), and efforts towards augmenting Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries. MNREGS: Employment Guarantee for 100 days per financial year for adult member of rural household.
NRLM: Poverty alleviation in BPL families through self-employment
TPDS: Food subsidy for rice, wheat etc
NIDDCP: Promotion of use of iodized salt
NFSM: Increased production of rice, wheat and pulses
RKVP: Supports states for creation of infrastructure, essential to catalyze the existing production of food grains.

REFERENCE

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